Mumbai witnessed a marginal dip in the average HbA1c level from 8.25 in the first quarter of the year to 8.19 during October to December 2019, according to the latest findings of India Diabetes Care Index (iDCI).
The overall HbA1c level across the country also showed a decrease of 8.37 from 8.52 during the period.
However, the average ‘post-meal’ glucose level showed an increase of 224.87 mg/dL in Mumbai, making patients living with diabetes more vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases, highlights iDCI.
Blood glucose level rises post-meal mainly because of the high carbohydrate content in the diet which can directly impact the heart. “Hence, the chances of an increase in cardiovascular diseases are more. Unlike West, in India, we need to focus on addressing both fasting and post-meal glucose levels across all HbA1c levels.” averred Dr. Manoj Chadha, Consultant Endocrinology, Hinduja Hospital in the press release.
More than 26970 people with an average age of 56 years took part in the assessment in Mumbai, out of which 54% were males and 46% were females.
Indian Diabetes Care Index (iDCI) is a part of the ‘Impact India: 1000-Day Challenge’ programme by Novo Nordisk Education Foundation launched to improve diabetes care in the country.
Based on big data analytics, iDCI has been providing a real-time view of the average HbA1c in India across select cities to provide proper diabetes care appropriate for India.
The programme aims to reduce the national average of HbA1c by 1% over a three-year period. The reduction of HbA1c by 1% can reduce the risk of heart failure by 16% and the risk of heart attack by 14%, says iDCI.
The iDCI studies the blood glucose levels across cities through various parameters creating awareness about the right diet, exercise and proper treatment while reducing the risk of diabetes-related complications significantly in India.