The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), in its second edition of health index released on 26 June 2019 has named Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra as the top three performers in the overall performance across population health indicators.
Kerala outsmarted the larger states with an overall score of 74.01, while Uttar Pradesh was the least performing State with an overall score of 28.61, according to the health index.
Haryana, Rajasthan and Jharkhand take the top three positions in incremental performance, while Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand have been shown as the worst performers, reports the Economic Times of India.
The health index is a composite measure of states and union territories based on 23 health indicators with major weightage given to mortality rate, total fertility rate and sex ratio, among other parameters.
The report focuses on measuring the overall performance and incremental improvement in the states and union territories over a two year period from 2016 to 2018 with 2015-16 as the base year.
Among the union territories (UTs), Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep have not shown any improvement over the previous years, while Puducherry has shown moderate improvement. The UTs Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chandigarh and Daman and Diu have shown significant improvement.
According to the report, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have not shown any improvement. While Kerala, despite the decrease in overall Health Index score, maintained its ranking as the top
performing among the larger States.
The Health Index is a useful tool to measure and compare the overall performance and incremental performance across States and UTs over time
“Idea is to improve health indicators in aspirational districts which will help us improve the overall national performance,” Niti Aayog’s vice chairman, Rajiv Kumar, said.
The Aayog’s report has been prepared in collaboration with the health ministry and technical assistance from the World Bank.